Immunisations: Why, When and Where

Immunisations: Why, When and Where

As parents, protecting our children from harm is one of our main priorities. Immunising them against deadly diseases is an important step in ensuring our little ones remain healthy.

It is estimated that vaccinations save six million children from dying from preventable illnesses every year. And, although the debate rages on about whether or not to vaccinate, the general consensus amongst Australians is that immunisation is essential to give our children the best start in life, shown by 92 per cent of two-year-olds being fully up to date with their vaccinations.

Under the National Immunisation Program vaccinations outlined in the National Immunisation Program Schedule (outlined below) are free. Your GP or local health care provider will generally provide an immunisation service (or will be able to advise you of where you can go if they don’t).

So, why is immunisation so important?


We never want to see our little ones in pain or under the weather. By not immunising our children, diseases such as whooping cough, hepatitis B and meningitis can be contracted easily, and we run the risk of unnecessarily putting our children in harm’s way.

By vaccinating we can avoid these illnesses and protect our children from becoming seriously ill, spending time in hospital or dying as a result.


Immunisation is considered one of the biggest health successes of the modern world. While many diseases can be treated with medicine, some cannot and the only way to control them is through immunisation.

With systematic immunisation programs, some of these diseases may become a thing of the past. Smallpox is one such disease that has been wiped out thanks to immunisation efforts.


If you do not vaccinate your child, you may limit your options with regards to childcare. Your childcare provider can refuse enrolments, cancel enrolment or attendance, or conditionally accept enrolment or attendance if your child does not have an up to date vaccination record.

Further to that, you could miss out on childcare payments. The Child Care Benefit, Child Care Rebate and Family Tax Benefit will all be refused if your child is not fully vaccinated at each key milestone.

The Australian Government has made it easy for new parents to understand which injections our children should have and when.


  • Hepatitis B

Two, Four and Six Months (3 rounds)

  • Hepititis B, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, haemophilus influenza type b and polio (all-in-one vaccination)
  • Pneumococcal disease
  • Rotavirus

12 Months

  • haemophilus influenza type b and meningococcal C (all-in-one vaccination)
  • Measles, mumps and rubella (all-in-one vaccination)

18 Months

  • Measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox (all-in-one vaccination)
  • Diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough (all-in-one vaccination)

4 Years

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio (all-in-one vaccination)

Year 7 (available through School Immunisation Program)

  • Human papillomavirus
  • Diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough (all-in-one vaccination)

NOTE: Medically at risk children should have additional vaccinations for pneumococcal disease at 12 months and four years.



Custom Gallery: images not found