WHAT IS HIP DYSPLASIA?

WHAT IS HIP DYSPLASIA?

Your baby has just been diagnosed with hip dysplasia, and the first thing that hits your mind is, “What is this disorder and what does it mean in regards to my baby?”


What is hip dysplasia?

This disorder occurs within the development of the hip joint, when the ball at the top of the thigh bone is not stable within the hip socket, the ligaments of the hip become stretched and loosened, resulting in instability within the hip.


What is the cause of hip dysplasia?

The exact cause of this disorder is unknown, however there are a number of factors which can influence this disorder:

•• The position of the baby in the womb can cause pressure on the child’s hip joints. Babies in the breech position are more likely to have hip instability when compared to babies in the non-breach position.
•• Genetics can play a role but aren’t a direct cause of the disorder.
•• Girls can be more likely to develop this disorder due to the mother’s laxity hormone being transferred, causing ligaments to relax and become loose.


Treatment

If your baby is at high risk, you will be advised, and your baby will need to have an ultrasound done at around six weeks of age. Hip braces are used as part of early management, and your baby may need to wear this device 24 hours a day for a number of weeks or months. Through early detection and the use of braces the hip joint can develop as normal and your baby may avoid the need for surgery in the future.


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