Category: PAKMAG



Sunbird Orthodontics

Dear Dr Bobby, when is the right time to see an orthodontist?

Probably the most common question I am asked as an Orthodontist is, “when should my child visit the orthodontist? Aren’t they a little young for braces?”

In my opinion, every child should see a Specialist Orthodontist before the age of nine years. By this age, an Orthodontist can reliably predict if a child will develop orthodontic problems. We can often take simple measures to reduce or even avoid major orthodontic problems being carried over into the adult teeth.

Every child is different. Therefore, it is best to listen to the advice of a professional.

4038 1036

Cairns Vet Clinic

Dear Dr Richard Thomas, With 41.5 per cent of dogs and 32 per cent of cats being overweight or obese, obesity is the most common form of malnutrition on Australian pets. Overweight pets suffer more physical ailments and don’t live as long. So how can we get our pet back to their ideal weight?

See my full reply at

Join our complementary weight loss program for safe and gradual weight loss. In combination with exercise, behaviour modification and Hills Metabolic prescription diet, we’ll have your pet back to a healthy weight in no time. See our website or contact us for more details.

4032 9999

Calanna Whole Health Pharmacy

Dear Matthew, My daughter has eczema.

What is the treatment? Eczema is an inherited condition that usually presents as patches of skin which can be dry, red, scaly and usually very itchy. It varies in severity from quite mild to very serious forms, which sometimes require hospitalisation.

Eczema is usually treated by moisturisers and steroid creams, but it can be a bit of trial and error to find
which cream is going to work for your child. It is also very important to avoid soaps, hot water and other irritants that will dry out the skin and worsen the symptoms.

Fb Calanna Whole Health Pharmacy

Collier Family Law

Dear Nardine, do you have any tips for consent orders?

There are really only two core things a consent order for parenting must deal with; decision making and the time the children will spend with each parent.

What else is required depends on the family. Good consent orders will also try to cover the needs of the children as they mature.
Avoid terms that are vague or confusing. You all need to know exactly what is intended and make sure the language is clear. Also avoid orders that are really restrictive as this doesn’t allow for flexibility or change.

These are just a few tips – see my full reply at

4214 5666



This lemon ricotta cheesecake is the perfect indulgent treat.


200g plain biscuits
1 tsp ground cinnamon
100g butter
250 Mungalli Creek Dairy ricotta
250g cream cheese, softened
1 cup caster sugar
4 eggs, separated


Preheat the oven to 180°C and line the base of a springform tin with baking paper. Add the biscuits, cinnamon and butter to a food processor and process until finely ground. Press into the base of the tin and chill in the fridge for 10 minutes.

Using an electric mixer, beat the ricotta, cream cheese, lemon juice and caster sugar until smooth. Add the cream, lemon zest and egg yolks and combine.

In a separate bowl, whisk the egg whites until fluffy. Fold into the ricotta mix and pour the mixture onto the biscuit base.  Bake for 45 minutes or until set in the centre.

Dust with icing sugar and serve with double cream and enjoy.

Tracie’s Tip: Get creative with your base by including spiced biscuits or desiccated coconut. Mungalli Creek Dairy


Living in North Queensland means we need to be prepared for cyclones and flooding during our wet season. Our coasts have seen devastating cyclones and have experienced sudden flash flooding, but through adequate planning and a wonderful community spirit, we can get through just about anything.

With summer in full swing and rain likely on the way, it’s vital that way get prepared for the “what ifs” that the wet season can bring. Is your home ready?

How do Cyclones Form?

Tropical cyclones start out as low-pressure systems that occur over warmer tropical oceans. The low-pressure system draws energy from the warm waters, rotating around a calm centre known as the cyclone “eye”.

It then travels along the water, picking up more power as it moves. Once it reaches land, it can bring torrential rain and flash flooding, tidal surges and destructive winds of up to 280 kilometres per hour, causing damage wherever it goes.

Cyclones present themselves in categories of severity ranging from one to five, with categories three to five considered to be severe tropical cyclones. Cyclone season runs from the first of November until the 30th of April, but it’s possible for them to occur outside of this time, although unlikely.

Luckily, meteorologists can identify cyclone formations well in advance, giving communities plenty of time to prepare. While we don’t always get hit with a cyclone every year, it’s vital to be prepared to minimise potential damage.

Preparing your Property

Keeping up with general property maintenance can greatly reduce damage caused by cyclones. Keep the gutters clear of leaves and other debris, repair loose tiles or roofing sheets and ensure they are all firmly fastened, and trim trees and branches close to the home. Check your garage door and window frames, ensure fences around the home are secure and fit shutters or metal screens to all glass windows and doors if you haven’t already. If you can’t install them, make sure you tape up your windows should you find yourself in the path of a cyclone.

It’s also a good idea to check if your insurance policy covers damage, power and tidal surges, flooding and debris removal. It’s worth checking the insurance for your car as well. Check in on your neighbours during this time to see if they need any
help making preparations around the home, especially if they are new to the area, elderly, have young children or a disability.

Stock Up

Put together an emergency kit. Always prepare for the worst, and and store it somewhere safe but easily accessible until it’s needed.

Your emergency kit should include toiletries, a waterproof torch, cash, candles, essential medications, waterproof bags for essential documents and electronic devices as well as nappies and supplies for the littlest members of the family, if required.
Make sure you also include a first aid kit with guide

book and a battery-powered, wind-up or solar-powered radio with plenty of spare batteries for all devices. Don’t forget about your pets, either; include pet food, a travelling cage and leash in your kit, as well as a familiar toy or blanket for comfort.
As for food, include a variety of dried and non-perishable foods such as tinned vegetables, beans and fish and dried fruit. Have at least three litres of water per person to last up to three days, and don’t forget a can opener and cutlery.
Keep a list of emergency numbers handy, such as the SES on 132 500 or 000 for any life-threatening situation.

Preparing Your Family

Ensure that everyone in your family is aware of your emergency plan and knows the location of your emergency and first aid kits. Although the topic can be scary, it’s important that everyone in the family, including children, are aware of the dangers.
Know where your local emergency shelters are. These are usually sturdy community buildings capable of providing protection. Check your local council’s website for more info.

What about Flooding?

North Queensland’s wet season runs from November to April, in line with the length of our cyclone season. It brings longer,
warmer and more humid days, with a higher chance of rain. Since our winters tend to be dry and our summer days are hot, we love to welcome rain with open arms; but when it rains, it often pours. We sometimes get too much of it, resulting in flooding.

Flooding can result in power outages, damage to infrastructure and landslides. They make it very difficult to move around, and heavy rainfall can cause the water to rise very quickly. It all happens with little warning.

You can prepare for flooding by putting together an emergency kit (the same as the cyclone emergency kit mentioned before), checking your insurance covers flood damage. If you live in a low-lying area that is prone to flooding, figure out where your nearest high ground is, and put an evacuation plan in place in case it is needed.

Remember to never drive through floodwaters as you can easily get stuck. Avoid walking through flood waters and ensure your children and pets stay away from drains.

It’s also important to stay out of creeks, rivers and waterholes during or after heavy rain. As the water moves down the mountains, the current speeds up, posing a big danger to swimmers. Stick to the backyard or local pool if you’re looking to escape the heat for a bit. That being said, when it’s safe to hit the road, it can be a great family outing to go check out the waterfalls in the region as they will be in full, spectacular flood. Check out Barron Falls, Millaa Millaa Falls and Paronella Park.

The Bottom Line

In a typical year, North Queensland experiences around three cyclones on average. While it can be scary to talk about the dangers we face during the wet season, if we are adequately prepared, this will minimise potential damage. It’s all a part of living in paradise!



Queensland X-Ray has been operating in Cairns for over 30 years, and has three comprehensive practices in the local community. Serving a region that looks after patients from Cairns, Innisfail, Atherton, Mareeba, Port Douglas and Cape York, Queensland X-Ray is constantly fine tuning their operations to better accommodate the needs of their patients.

Recently, Queensland X-Ray extended their opening hours so that MRI appointments are now available seven days per week, with general x-ray’s and OPG’s (dental x-rays) available until 7.00pm on weeknights.

This is especially helpful for busy parents who don’t always have the time to take children for an x-ray appointment during normal working hours. At the end of November, Queensland X-Ray became the only radiology group in the region to offer EOS studies.

What is EOS?

Traditionally when a doctor or allied health professional sent a patient for a full spine x-ray, three separate x-rays were needed. One for the thoracic region, one for the cervical and one for the lumbar spine.

This was because the x-ray beam was not wide enough to capture the entire length of the spine in one single scan, so three needed to be completed and a special program was used to fuse or stitch the images together.

The downsides to this type of x-ray are that it takes longer to acquire the full spine image due to 3 scans being performed and that by fusing the images together, distortions may occur which in turn could impact the quality of the study.

Now with the introduction of EOS, full length spine x-rays can be performed in a single exposure which takes about 30 to 40 seconds making it significantly faster and more convenient for patients!

EOS is also considered to be the “gold standard” diagnostic tool for assessing scoliosis in children (a condition involving a curvature of the spine), as it provides more detailed images than what was previously possible with conventional x-rays. This makes it easier for health professionals to identify issues of the spine and lower limbs, allowing for more accurate and tailored treatment plans to be potentially initiated much sooner.



At the Cathedral Junior School, we believe that the important attributes of growth mindset, creativity, problem solving, critical and reflective thinking, self-motivation and effective communication are nourished through children’s engagement.

Engagement goes hand in hand with wonder. When we wonder, we engage our thinking.

The Wonder Hub is a collaborative space that builds upon the traditional library services and incorporates museum-based learning. It is purpose designed to evoke wonder. The Wonder Hub operates under a collective ownership notion and is a place where children’s voices are heard and acknowledged.

Student interests and ideas are used as springboards for intentionally scaffolded learning within the Hub. Staff use provocation to inspire, engage and provoke student learning. Learners are given time, space and encouragement to follow existing passions, spark new interests and above all else, learn new knowledge and skills in a meaningful context.

Based on this understanding, the Wonder Hub environment is dynamic and constantly evolving, whilst remaining intentionally inviting, purposeful and clutter free. The Wonder Hub aims to build connections in learning through fostering relationships with the wider community, giving learners the opportunity to learn from experts in their field. The parent body is actively encouraged to utilise the Wonder Hub and to become learners alongside their children.

The Wonder Hub is a place of learning for everyone. A teacher’s main task within the Wonder Hub is to scaffold learning and to forge the links to learning and curriculum with children. Teaching staff and students will often be working alongside visiting experts. Teachers and assistants are also invited and encouraged to share their expertise in an area of passion.

The Wonder Hub provides rich learning experiences and opportunities for children. The Wonder Hub as a place is full of intentional spaces as opposed to activities on tables. When teachers notice that children are disengaged or engaged in an activity that could be done at home, they redirect with scaffolding and adult intervention to make links to learning.

A teacher’s role in the Wonder Hub is to challenge thinking, pose questions and have children justify what they are engaged in and why it interests them. Leaving the gap for children to fill is an integral component of the thinking behind the Wonder Hub. As such, a period blank canvas allows for new student interests and passions to surface.

Discover the Wonder Hub spaces


This is where learners collaborate with other learners, sharing and gaining knowledge; debating ideas; negotiating outcomes. Learners probe deeper into their learning and make curriculum links to their classroom. This is the space where Educational Research Projects and Investigations come

to life. Learners make links to experts in fields of passion and are given time to explore areas of interest to depth.


An inviting space to curl up with a favourite book or explore the shelves for texts to help with research. This is where learners will find the latest fiction and non-fiction publications. The extensive array of books caters for all interests. Children’s self-published titles can also be found on the shelves.


Where learners will find a vast array of ‘thingamajigs’. Many tools are unknown to students or if they are known, how to use them may be the challenge. Scientific tools such as the Van De Graff Generator have not been seen by learners before and involve finding out more before

exploring and critiquing. Learners are challenged to persist, explore and reach their Eureka moment.


A hands-on area full of artifacts from the past, premised by the belief that artifacts are important teaching tools. In this space, learners develop a capacity for careful, critical observation of their world through thinking about real objects. We believe that critical observation is important. The ability to see the world clearly and to ask deep probing questions of our world is an essential intellectual skill. When learners are asked, “what is this?” they are immediately engaged in higher order thinking. Artifacts fascinate, engage children in wonder and teach.


Working to a design challenge, children use construction materials such as Lego to create their own design or work to a set of instructions to complete a collaborative project, such as the Sydney Opera House.

Children learn to complete tasks by breaking the task down to smaller steps. Engineering principles are applied to ensure the structures built are sound. Mathematical understandings are applied as children sort, count and use patterning to create.


A large Maker Space area full of resources and tools to assist learners in extending their ideas from design brief to prototype to potential sale. This is also the space where humanitarian projects come to fruition, such as our Solar Buddies project where Cathedral children have provided a light source to children in developing countries without power.

Projects in the Inventorium may be completed by individual students, small groups or even a whole school collaborative project such as building a life-sized elephant from cardboard rolls.


It is in my view, and the view of others that I speak to, that the Junior School at Whitsunday Anglican School (WAS) is a ‘good’ school because it allows our students, staff, parents and wider community to develop a connection to this place. It strives to provide positive and varied experiences for the students and those involved in the school community.

This program has been run over 19 years within our Preparatory Year level, beginning in 1999, with the main facilitators being Mrs Shirley Wood and Mrs Wendy Adamson. The Prep Poppies all hold a special place in our collective hearts at WAS.

However, no one holds a more special place than Poppy (Ross) Wallace, along with the support of his wife, Mrs Judy Wallace. Poppy Wallace is our longest serving Poppy. A voluntary role, Poppy Wallace has made a significant personal and financial contribution over the past 16 years to the lives of many students. Ross and his lovely wife Judy have also set up an annual bursary, through the School’s Foundation, to support a student in Year 6, and their family, with expenses.

It is with much sadness that we farewell Ross as he retires from his most wonderful and special time as a Prep Poppy. However, our thoughts are encompassed by much joy, as we can all speculate what Ross has brought to the students. Each past student, whether in Poppy Wallace’s class or not, will know in their hearts how Ross has impacted on them personally. Farewell Ross, and know that you hold a special place in our hearts here and within the WAS community.

As I have mentioned, there have been twin educators who have provided the consistency within the Prep Poppies Program, Mrs Shirley Wood and Mrs Wendy Adamson: sadly, both Shirley and

Wendy have decided their time at WAS is nearing to an end as they both seek further challenges and celebrations in 2018.

Within a theme of community and people, a sense of belonging, a connection to place, it too can be said that Shirley and Wendy, a dynamic Prep duo, have made significant contributions to our Junior School and whole school community. They have been the glue that has held our Prep Poppy Program together over the years.

The legacy that Poppy Wallace, Shirley and Wendy will leave will be everlasting; our Preparatory program, 20 years young this year, provides not just a beginning to WAS but the best beginning.

Thank you, Ross, Shirley and Wendy, and we wish you our most gracious thoughts as you leave us.